Prayer in schools is a controversial topic in K-12 education due to the polarizing nature of the debate for and against. The reasons that prayer is controversial is because of religious rights and the use of time in schools. Human rights and religious freedom has been a part of the conversation since schools first opened in the United States. America was founded on religious freedom and to get away from what our forefatherâ€™s thought were tyrannical practices by the King of England. It had something more to do with the pursuit of happiness. No one wanted others telling them what to believe and how to practice their religion in home nor school. If prayer were included as part of school, there could be a fear of others telling the publicâ€™s children what faith to practice. Time is also an important commodity in schools. Time is something most teachers agree that they do not have enough of. Add to this the fact that the use of time is often used as a bargaining chip between school districts and teacher unions. Time is something that is negotiated. For example, days off, non-workdays, and the number of minimum days are things that get negotiated between bargaining units and school districts. The controversial issue has to do with how students and staff might use their time while in public school. It becomes more controversial when the practice of prayer involves an encroachment on instructional minutes or adding time to the day. This can affect the time a teacher and students are able to go home. Instruction is something generally managed between administration and certificated staff. Instructional minutes must be accounted for on an annual basis. For example, in California there is a minimum of 180 minutes that must be provided to students in kindergarten. and what they are dedicated to being used for, teaching the Common Core State Standards. If prayer were added it could extend the day. This could affect future teaching and students by further taking away or adding time to the school day if everyone were allowed to pray. Since the prayer is not part of the standards it makes it controversial. Another reason why prayer in school is a difficult subject is because of what the United States Constitution says about separation of church and state. More specifically, the first amendment in the Bill of Rights says that Congress is not supposed to make any laws regarding establishing a religion. Most people interpret this to mean separation of church and state.
The cultural identifier related to prayer in schools is religion. Religion is a faith-based practice taken up by a group of people who are compelled to pray, preach, and practice their faith towards a higher power. Religion is something that many Americans participate in and regularly attend church in order to congregate and dedicate their time and sometimes money (i.e. tithe). Religion normally extends from the church to home. In fact, many hotels in the United States still have bibles in the dressers of their hotel rooms. Religion has to do with a personâ€™s relationship with their God or higher power. Christians pray to Jesus Christ, Muslims pray to Allah, and Jewish people pray to God. The connection between prayer in school and religion is that one is not generally allowed in the other. Most public schools prohibit prayer from being done during the instructional day. But most religions require prayer. This means that there is a problem in terms of our freedom to practice prayer in school. If social justice is about equity and fairness of privilege and opportunity, then social justiceâ€™s role in all of this essentially means determining when prayer might be ok to practice in school. Perhaps it is okay to do so during recess or break time, and/or after school during a clubâ€™s time to meet. Religious clubs allowed to take place after school on a voluntary and parent permission type basis are solutions that exist to solving the prayer in school issue.
American history plays an important role in the prayer in schools and religion. One key historical event that affected prayer in school is the Supreme Court case in 2021 of Kennedy v. Bremerton School District where a coach was allowed to offer a prayer after a football game. The gentleman involved in this court battle lost his job as a football coach for kneeling after a game and saying a private prayer on the field in front of players. Mr. Kennedy sued in federal court alleging that the school district violated his First Amendment Rights. What was upheld by the court was that one could personally engage in a personal religious observance. The court ruled that the Constitution does not mandate nor permit government from suppressing our religious expression. Mr. Kennedyâ€™s case highlighted the possible importance of prayer space (Stern & Shillitoe, 2019). It we do not make it safe to pray then there will be those, like this football coach, who run the risk of getting caught and unfairly judged or punished. Also, in Maine there was a court case of Carson v. Makin where the judges ruled in favor of private religious schools receiving public funding. This historical event dealt with tuition assistance for parents. More specifically, for parents who wanted the state of Maine to provide financial help for their children to attend private religious schools. The parents felt that the state was discriminating from their choice of schools and won the case in court. The First Amendment protects against Americans being penalized for free exercise of religion. This court ruling helped parental efforts to be able to choose what schools their children could attend. Religious schools are fortified by this effort. This affects prayer because students in private religious schools pray every day and attend church while on campus. The most significant historical event involving prayer in schoolâ€™s dates back to 1962 in the court case of Engel v. Vitale where it was decided that schools could not force students to recite a state-written prayer. This involved government being told that they could not draft formal prayers for students to say in any government sponsored religious program. The court case said that it was unconstitutional for public school to lead students in prayer was key. This was viewed as a victory for those that support religious freedom and hurt Americaâ€™s religious tradition.
Those in favor of prayer in school claim that it would lead to less bullying and more tolerance. There might be less bullying is students prayed for one another. Prayer has the potential for healing and making students more emotionally intelligent. It also has the potential to develop empathy. Students who have empathy are more likely to be compassionate. It is a value driven claim that puts a lot of stock in this idea that prayer is righteous and makes us better people. Tolerance could be increased if students felt and developed compassion for one another thru prayer. Prayer in schools also may have the benefit of teaching humility to students. When one prays, they are praying to a higher power. Prayer involves an admittance that there is an entity more powerful than oneself. Prayer can have a humbling effect if we are willing to accept that we are not in control of everything. In fact, according to a meta-analysis students who prayed tended to do better in school (Jeynes, 2020).
Those opposed to prayer in schools say that it could have the opposite affect and highlight differences. This might make us less tolerable of each other. Those opposed also say that prayer in school could have a negative side effect of forcing others to believe the way their peers believe (i.e. peer pressure may make certain students start following a religion that they did not choose for themselves). When prayer is added to schools it has the potential for the adults in charge to share their religious beliefs and influence children. This may violate childrenâ€™s rights and the views of the parents who are not in attendance. Parents may not want their children to be told how and what to believe. Prayer opens this up as a possibility. Normally, prayer is associated with a specific religion.
Prayer in schools affects teaching and learning because teachers are human and have biases. Each teacher is entitled to their own beliefs and religion. However, it may be difficult for teachers to separate their biases if prayer is part of schools. This controversial issue is similar to politics in schools. Teachers are not allowed to campaign in class for a specific political party nor candidate. Prayer in schools has the potential for involving the same dynamic. Teaching and prayer might naturally bring up the topic of God creating earth versus Darwinism and survival of the fittest. Prayer can affect teaching by forcing teachers to select a side and defend it, whether they believe in God or not. Prayer affects learning because it includes a mindset and belief system. If a student is Christian and believes in God, then they may explain a topic or complete an assignment from a certain perspective. Their learning may be affected by prayer in that if a science lesson teaches nature versus nurture, then their convictions may be tested. This could lead to doubt and the student going home confused asking questions of their family. It has the potential for more disruption in the home and at school. This is why we must analyze this issue from all angles and consider multiple viewpoints (Shillitoe & Strhan, 2020).
Shillitoe, R., & Strhan, A. (2020). â€œJust leave it blankâ€ non-religious children and their
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more